CLEAR shaped charges from DAMORPHE, HARRISON and NEXTIER partnership are designed and qualified to provide consistently large perforation entrance holes with an optimized depth of penetration and free debris for hydraulic fracturing stimulation in conventional and unconventional reservoirs.
CLEAR shaped charges consist of a degradable CLEAR shaped charge liner stemming from our patented HEA nanomaterials. During the detonation event, our proprietary powder blend reacts via shock induced entropy-change (or propagating pressure wave) to create a tailored degree of vitrification (Bulk Metallic Glass, BMG) that preferentially segregate to high angle domain boundaries or interfaces of the jetted liner material. As the jet progresses into the reservoir rock creating a perf. tunnel, segregated HEA/BMG complex instantly reacts with formation fluids generating hydrogen. Any sputtered alloy deposited on the crushed zone containing HEA/BMG particulates interact with flowback fluids promoting grain dropping, leaving behind low-skin and slug free CLEAR pathway or perf. tunnel. This allows hydrocarbons to flow unrestricted from the formation, improving fracture conductivity, potentially resulting in enhanced productivity.
Synthetic nanoparticle tracers have now been integrated and tested in our CLEAR shaped charge liners. As these unique charges are fired, nanoparticle tracers are deposited in the perforation tunnel. These tracers, flow back with hydrocarbon production to the surface. With a unique fingerprint, these nanoparticle tracers are identified when they flow-through a collimated light source, emitting photons of a predetermined frequency, thus identifying the nanocrystal. A flow-through detector comprising a remote computing system configured to store and relay information relating to these tracers is under development.